Pet Vaccination

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Routine Canine Vaccination

As we all are going through a pandemic, we are waiting for a Vaccine to be developed. Vaccine Programs are also important for Pets. 

Animals carries certain diseases which can be passed to humans and cause severe infection and this phenomena of passing is know as Zoonosis. Most common example of zoonotic disease is Rabies.

  Canine Vaccination 

Vaccine                                                Age of puppy

DHPP *                                                                    6-7 weeks

DHPP, Bordetella                                                         9-10 weeks

DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease                          12-13 weeks

DHPP, Rabies**, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease                        15-17 week

*Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Para Influenza**Every 1-3 years  

  •  Core Vaccine 

                Canine Distemper
                Canine Parvovirus
                Hepatitis
                Rabies    
                Leptospirosis

  • Non Core Vaccine

                Bordetella
                Canine Influenza ( Dog Flu)
                Lyme Disease  
Canine Distemper-A severe and contagious disease caused by a virus which attacks the respiratory, Gastrointestinal(GI) Tract and Nervous System of Dogs. It spreads through air-borne exposure from infected animal. 

 It causes causes discharge from the eyes and nose, fever, coughing, diarrhea, seizures, twitching, paralysis and Death,

Canine Hepatitis – is a highly contagious viral infection that affects the liver, kidneys, spleen, lungs, and the eyes of the affected dog.  Symptoms ranges from slightest fever and congestion of mucous membrane  to vomiting, jaundice, stomach enlargement and pain around the liver.
        It is also known as Canine Adenovirus type-2.Canine Parvo Virus – is highly contagious virus which affects all dogs, but unvaccinated dogs and puppies less than the four month of age are at more risk to get infected. Virus attacks GI tract and create loss of appetite, vomiting, fever and severe bloody diarrhea.  Extreme Dehydration can come up rapidly and kill a dog within 48- 72 hours.

Para Influenza – is a contagious respiratory virus and is one of the most common pathogen of infection of tracheobronchitis. It is also known as Kennel/Canine Cough .

Rabies – as required by the Law,  It is a viral mammalian disease which attacks the CNS, causing , headaches, anxiety, hallucination, excessive drooling, fear of water, paralysis and Death.   Treatment within hours is essential, otherwise, death is highly likely. Leptospirosis – is caused by a bacteria, and some dogs may show no symptoms at all. It is a zoonotic disease, found in soil and water. Symptoms include fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weakness and lethargy, stiffness, kidney failure, infertility. Antibiotics are effective in earlier stages.

Feline Vaccination

             Feline Vaccination

  Vaccine                                                                                                          Age of Kitten  

 F3- Herpes, Caliciviral, Distemper                                                                            6-8 weeks 

F3 -HCD                                                                                                                    10-12 weeks     F3  -HCD                                                                                                                  14-16 weeks

  F3 -HCD                                                                                                                     1 year old      
F3-HCD                                                                                                                       Every 1-3 years

  • Core Vaccine

                Feline Herpes
                Feline Caliciviral
                Feline Distemper

  •  Non-core Vaccine

                Bordetella
                Feline Immunodeficiency Vaccine (FIV)
                Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)
                 Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)

Feline Herpes – is one of the most common cause of cat flu or upper respiratory infections in Cats. It is highly contagious and can cause sneezing, conjunctivitis, eyes and nasal discharge, lethargy.It is also know as Feline Rhinotracheitis.
Feline Calicivirus –  is an extreme contagious flu. Typical Symptoms include sneezing, nose and eye discharge, tongue ulcers, decreased appetite. Occasionally the virus can cause Arthritis, Hepatitis, or Intestinal Problems
Feline Distemper – also known as Feline Panleukopenia or Parvovirus. This virus attacks the rapidly dividing cells in cat’s body, especially the cells in GI Tract, bone marrow, and lymph node. Decrease in the cell results in Panleukopenia (Shortage of WBCs) and Anemia (shortage of RBCs) and putting the cat at high risk of contracting other infectious diseases.   Damaged Intestinal Tract can cause cat to have severe vomiting and diarrhea.
Always Consult your Vet before Vaccination.


  “Vaccination saves lives at every stage of life”
                                                                                                                                                                           THE GEEK VETERINARIAN

Rudolf Virchow

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 Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow, a German Pathologist, Prehistorian, Biologist, Writer, Physician and Anthropologist.

During his scientific career, he published a paper on pathological description of “Leukemia”. One of his major works involved in the advancement of The Cell Theory, by encapsulating, “Omnis e cellula – all cell arises from cells”and it was inspired from the work of Francesco Redi’s work ‘ Omne vivum ex ovo’.He was the first one to describe a type of tumor called “Chondroma“, which originates from Clivus. The concept of Thromboembolism was also noticed by Virchow, when he observed blood clots in pulmonary artery originates from first venous thrombi.

Virchow’s Node or Supraclavicular lymph Node which becomes enlarged and hard to palpitate, which is associated with gastric cancer.
One of his most admired work is Triads of Virchow or Virchow’s Triads.

Cellular Pathology

The Cell Theory
He is also known as Father of Modern Pathology and Pope of Medicine. He devoted himself for the greatness of Veterinary and Medical Sciences.
He died at the age of 80 and rests at Alter St.-Matthäus-Kirchhof Schöneberg in Berlin, Germany.                                                                                                                                                                                                   The Geek Veterinarian

Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry

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Small Animal Veterinarian

“Good Veterinarian talks to the animals. Great Veterinarians hear them talk back”

Veterinary Science is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, control and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals. Along with the same, it also deals with animal rearing, husbandry, breeding, nutrition and product development.
A Veterinarian deals with Domestic, Wild and Sports Animals also Aves & Reptiles.  According to Veterinary Council of India (VCI), Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry is Five and a Half Year course, which constitutes 18 different subject covering all the animals, which have 179 credit hours.
The 1st Year of  B.V.sc & A.H is divided into 3 subjects as follows:- 

  • Veterinary Anatomy and Embryology & Histology [VAN]
  • Veterinary Physiology [VPN]
  • Livestock Production Management [LPM]

These 3 subjects carry 18 credit hours divided into Theory and Practical Classes.
As a fresher we have millions of questions what to do, which book to buy. So to avoid this, you can prefer to the listed books which are recommended by many professors of various Universities and Colleges across Indian.For Veterinary Anatomy, 2 books would be sufficient which are as follows:-

  1.  Primary Veterinary Anatomy (7th Edition)  &
  2. Essentials of Veterinary Histology and Embryology by R.K. Ghosh

For Veterinary Physiology,

  1. Duke’s Physiology of Domestic Animals (12th E) by William O. Reece
  2. Reproduction in Farm Animals (7th E) by Hafez   [ONLY FOR REPRODUCTION]

For LPM,

  1. A Textbook of Animal Husbandry by (8th E) by G.C. Banerjee or Livestock Production Management by N.S.R & C.K. Sastry
  2. Poultry Production Management by Jagdish Prasad

For best results do refer to the Lecture Notes.

Equine Veterinarian

While regular reading and revision is the key to the success, you also need to know which topics to focus more on,  to avoid investing more time on things which require lesser.
Moreover you can reach me anytime at thegeekvet@gmail.com for any queries and curiosity.                                                                                                                         THE GEEK VETERINARIAN  

Shalihotra

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Veterinary Science dates back to ancient India, 3rd Century. A big name in Indian Veterinary Science is of Shalihotra, founder of Indian Veterinary Science.

Shalihotra, was born in the area of Sravasati, in Uttar Pradesh. He was born to Hayagosha. He compiled scriptures about care and management of  Horses in his book named ‘Shalihotra Samhita – Encyclopedia of Sahalishotra’. 

Samhita consists of anatomy, physiology, surgery, diseases and cures composed in different 12,000 shlokas (verses) in Sanskrit, which was later translated in Persian,  Arabic, Tibetan and English languages. His work elaborated different body structures of horse species and identified the structural difference of teeth which can help  in determining the age of the Horse. He also wrote Asva-prashnsa and Asva-lakshana, respectively.

Shalihotra Samhita

 He passed his knowledge of  Veterinary Science to his disciple named Shusrut First known Surgeon  in the world, who devised 101 instruments and taught people the importance of Health.

                                                                                                                  The Geek Veterinarian