Rudolf Virchow


 Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow, a German Pathologist, Prehistorian, Biologist, Writer, Physician and Anthropologist.

During his scientific career, he published a paper on pathological description of “Leukemia”. One of his major works involved in the advancement of The Cell Theory, by encapsulating, “Omnis e cellula – all cell arises from cells”and it was inspired from the work of Francesco Redi’s work ‘ Omne vivum ex ovo’.He was the first one to describe a type of tumor called “Chondroma“, which originates from Clivus. The concept of Thromboembolism was also noticed by Virchow, when he observed blood clots in pulmonary artery originates from first venous thrombi.

Virchow’s Node or Supraclavicular lymph Node which becomes enlarged and hard to palpitate, which is associated with gastric cancer.
One of his most admired work is Triads of Virchow or Virchow’s Triads.

Cellular Pathology

The Cell Theory
He is also known as Father of Modern Pathology and Pope of Medicine. He devoted himself for the greatness of Veterinary and Medical Sciences.
He died at the age of 80 and rests at Alter St.-Matthäus-Kirchhof Schöneberg in Berlin, Germany.                                                                                                                                                                                                   The Geek Veterinarian

Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry


Small Animal Veterinarian

“Good Veterinarian talks to the animals. Great Veterinarians hear them talk back”

Veterinary Science is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, control and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals. Along with the same, it also deals with animal rearing, husbandry, breeding, nutrition and product development.
A Veterinarian deals with Domestic, Wild and Sports Animals also Aves & Reptiles.  According to Veterinary Council of India (VCI), Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry is Five and a Half Year course, which constitutes 18 different subject covering all the animals, which have 179 credit hours.
The 1st Year of & A.H is divided into 3 subjects as follows:- 

  • Veterinary Anatomy and Embryology & Histology [VAN]
  • Veterinary Physiology [VPN]
  • Livestock Production Management [LPM]

These 3 subjects carry 18 credit hours divided into Theory and Practical Classes.
As a fresher we have millions of questions what to do, which book to buy. So to avoid this, you can prefer to the listed books which are recommended by many professors of various Universities and Colleges across Indian.For Veterinary Anatomy, 2 books would be sufficient which are as follows:-

  1.  Primary Veterinary Anatomy (7th Edition)  &
  2. Essentials of Veterinary Histology and Embryology by R.K. Ghosh

For Veterinary Physiology,

  1. Duke’s Physiology of Domestic Animals (12th E) by William O. Reece
  2. Reproduction in Farm Animals (7th E) by Hafez   [ONLY FOR REPRODUCTION]

For LPM,

  1. A Textbook of Animal Husbandry by (8th E) by G.C. Banerjee or Livestock Production Management by N.S.R & C.K. Sastry
  2. Poultry Production Management by Jagdish Prasad

For best results do refer to the Lecture Notes.

Equine Veterinarian

While regular reading and revision is the key to the success, you also need to know which topics to focus more on,  to avoid investing more time on things which require lesser.
Moreover you can reach me anytime at for any queries and curiosity.                                                                                                                         THE GEEK VETERINARIAN  



Veterinary Science dates back to ancient India, 3rd Century. A big name in Indian Veterinary Science is of Shalihotra, founder of Indian Veterinary Science.

Shalihotra, was born in the area of Sravasati, in Uttar Pradesh. He was born to Hayagosha. He compiled scriptures about care and management of  Horses in his book named ‘Shalihotra Samhita – Encyclopedia of Sahalishotra’. 

Samhita consists of anatomy, physiology, surgery, diseases and cures composed in different 12,000 shlokas (verses) in Sanskrit, which was later translated in Persian,  Arabic, Tibetan and English languages. His work elaborated different body structures of horse species and identified the structural difference of teeth which can help  in determining the age of the Horse. He also wrote Asva-prashnsa and Asva-lakshana, respectively.

Shalihotra Samhita

 He passed his knowledge of  Veterinary Science to his disciple named Shusrut First known Surgeon  in the world, who devised 101 instruments and taught people the importance of Health.

                                                                                                                  The Geek Veterinarian