Vital Signs

Vital Signs


Amid the pandemic, we became more aware of vital signs- pulse rate, heartbeat, respiration, temperature, and blood pressure. Even in animals, vital sign plays a crucial role in finding the underlying cause of a disease or abnormality which yet has to occur or is present. It’s a silver lining between a healthy and an unhealthy being. I have enlisted these vital signs along with normal range.

Temperature – In animals, rectal temperature gives the most accurate reading.

  • Use a Veterinary Thermometer
  • Lubricate the end of thermometer.
  • Insert into rectum and remove in 2 to 3 minutes after and read.
AnimalNormal Rectal Temperature Range (Fahrenheit)
Sheep & Goat102.2-104.9

Heart /Pulse Rate – is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per minute.

To determine the heart rate of the animal, put your hand on the chest (over the heart) and count the beats that you feel for 15 seconds and multiply this number with 4, and you will get the heartbeat per minute.

AnimalNormal Heartbeat per minute
Sheep & Goat60-90
Small Canine100-140
Large Canine60-100

Respiration Rate – is the rate at which breathing occurs. This is usually measured in breaths per minute and is set and controlled by the respiratory center.

Observe or palpate the rise and fall of the animal’s flank, using a stopwatch to take a count of breaths over the course of one minute.

AnimalNormal Respiratory Range
(breaths per minute)
Cattle12 – 28
Sheep & Goat12 – 20
Canine & Feline15-30

Other Vital Sign are which

  • Skin Pinch Test
  • Capillary Refill of Gums

These vital signs can help you keep a track of your animal’s health, and in case of emergency, they can play a major role in stabilizing the animal.


Published by TheGeekVeterinarian

Veterinarian by Profession, Blogger by Passion

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